The Cannabis Plant: Hemp vs Marijuana

CBD is the second most abundant compound in cannabis, and it can be found in both the marijuana (psychoactive cannabis) and in hemp (non-psychoactive cannabis).  Most legal products on the market will be extracts from hemp.

There are two main varieties of the cannabis plant which are Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa. The Indica variety isn’t as well suited for the production of food or industrial purposes but is excellent to produce medical marijuana.  The Sativa variety produces more fiber and therefore is a preferable choice for hemp cultivation.

It is important to note that hemp and marijuana are different, even though they are both cultivated from different varieties of Cannabis Sativa.  Marijuana is cultivated for high levels of the psychoactive compound THC which is the compound that causes a high.  Both strains of Indica and Sativa are used to produce marijuana.

The hemp plant has been used since the dawn of the agricultural revolution. Everything from fiber, food, fuel, energy, and an estimated 50,000 other products makes the hemp plant one of the most versatile plants in the world. CBD is the predominant compound within the hemp plant, while the presence of THC is almost nonexistent. This allows for CBD uses to be extracted from the hemp plant, and allows it to be deemed a nutritional supplement and legal in all 50 states so long as it is lab-tested to ensure purity.

Hemp contains cannabinoids and only trace amounts of THC.  Hemp will not make you high. In order to be legally cultivated, hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC.  Industrial hemp is normally grown for its fiber to be used in textiles, building materials and other applications.  However, since industrial hemp only contains small amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes, it isn’t the best choice for the production of CBD oil.

You will find many CBD products that are produced from industrial hemp; however, the CBD oil in Don Leonardo Organics is produced from a CBD-rich strain called phytocannabinoid rich hemp (PCR Hemp).  Our oils provide naturally occurring phytonutrients including CBD, CBDa, flavonoids, terpenoids and other cannabinoids from the plant.  While each of these compounds has its own unique benefits, they work to enhance the effects of the other compounds present which is known as the entourage effect.

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